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Best Backend Programming Languages for Android App

  • By Hidden Brains
  • August 23, 2022

Backend Programming Languages for Android

Recently, Android Applications have become a pretty important part of our day-to-day work. There are a lot of services and features that can be easily availed through the Android Application. Such as getting an Email, Listening to music, or chatting with any Person can be quickly done through a mobile application. According to the statistics, millions of applications are available on different AppStore. You need to choose the best backend programming languages for Android.

But building such a mobile application requires a lot of work and good programming languages.

Every Android Mobile Application has a frontend and a backend. The front-end consists of the GUI for the application that end users use. The backend is where all the logic is implemented using various APIs or extensive libraries.

Building a robust Backend of the Application is essential because all the business logic is defined through that. Hence, using some of the best Backend programming languages for Android App Development is always recommended.

Top 9 Best Backend Programming Languages for Android Apps

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is one of the most widely used programming languages for Custom Android App Development Services. It offers some of the best frameworks like react native to design both the frontend and backend of the Android Application.

Some of the standard features of Javascript are Light Weight Scripting, Dynamic typing, Object Oriented Programming, and a large community. You can use several backend frameworks for Android Application Development: MeteorJS, Express, and Node js.

  • Pros

  1. JavaScript is the interpreted language that reduces the compilation and testing time compared to other programming languages.
  2. It is one of the common languages used by a large community of developers; hence a lot of community support is available.
  • Cons

  1. There is no valuable feature to debug the code.
  2. It is pretty efficient than C++ or C.
  3. Developers need to use the browser to check the output.


2. Java

Java is an Object-oriented programming language, widely used for building enterprise-level applications, scientific applications, Desktop Applications, and Android Applications. One of the unique features is Multithreading. Multithreading allows developers to run two different threads simultaneously to maximize CPU utilization.

There are a lot of platform-independent concepts, and the Oops concept has led to the investigation of some great libraries for garbage collection and automatic memory location. One can use such features to optimize the working of the angular Application. Some commonly used Backend frameworks are Spring, Grails, and Struts.

  • Pros

  1. Java is an object-oriented programming language. It has got a lot of features and strategies to perform different tasks.
  2. Java is also an independent programming language platform, which is free. You can run your code on machines like macOS, Linux, And Windows.
  • Cons

  1. There are a few issues related to UI.
  2. Android development on Java must be done through Android Studio to build native android Applications.

3. C#

C# is quite a broadly used backend programming language by some of the best Android App Development companies in the UK. The programming language’s syntax is similar to Java and has a full-fledged garbage collection like Java. The prominent advantage of C# is a no or minor memory leak.

Two common frameworks, Xamarin and Unity, offer an Android Development SDK that developers can use to build Gaming and cross-platform Applications.

  • Pros

  1. C# is a compiled backend programming language. All the source code is stored in binary format. Hence there are no chances of hacking back.
  2. It is a commonly used language and the syntax is quite similar to different programming languages like Java.
  • Cons

  1. C# is integrated with the .NET framework. Hence the Application on which the server runs needs to be a Windows machine.

4. C++

C++ has a complete library called Android Native Development Kit or NDK. It is widely used for building a custom android Application. However, there are quite a complete set of features available that developers need to use with native C++. Also, the developers need to know C++ concepts.

  • Pros

  1. It allows developers to use their c or C++ code.
  2. It enhances the performance of intensive applications.
  • Cons

  1. If you write a java code, it can be efficiently run on different devices. But for C++, you need to compile code every time while using it on other machines.

5. Python

Python is a relatively easy-to-use programming language for building Android applications. However, Native Python doesn’t support Android Application Development, so you need to use a Framework called Kivy. Kivy helps developers and custom Android App Development Services to build end-to-end Android applications in less time.

  • Pros

  1. Kivy allows developers to build a unique user interface.
  2. Developers can work on any device such as Windows, Raspberry Pi, macOS, iOS, and Linux.
  3. Good documentation is available with all the features.
  • Cons

  1. It takes a lot of time to build and compile Android Applications.
  2. There is not much community Support available to the users.

6. Lua

Lua is quite a widely used programming language for building android Applications. It has a designated SDK called Corona SDK that offers various features to create Android Applications. Developers can use a Corona Simulator and Corona Native for building and testing such applications. Although you can make any Application with Corona SDK, it is widely used for building games and graphical applications.

  • Pros

  1. Lua is one of the fastest programming languages.
  2. It also uses a low amount of run-time memory.
  3. Lua C API is well documented and has good tutorials to help build Applications.
  • Cons

  1. Lua doesn’t offer an efficient Garbage collector.
  2. There also needs to be good documentation for developers.

7. Kotlin

Kotlin is trending and quite a new programming language acquired by google to build Android Applications. It is an Open source Android backend Development language with a complete security code base. Zomato, like big brands, uses Kotlin to make their Application, as it helps them reduce the length of code.

Also, it offers some security features like Lambda and null safety, which don’t let the Android Application from crashing or throwing different errors for null exceptions. With lambdas, a developer can write different methods with small lines of code, which can be quickly executed in any part of the code.

According to different statistics, since the launch of this programming language, it is used by approximately 8 percent of the industry experts. Also, as per the survey done by StackOverflow, Kotlin is the 4th famous programming language among developers.

  • Pros

  1. Kotlin allows developers to reuse their Java code, making it easier for the best Android App development companies in the UK to switch to Kotlin from Java in an easy way. Also, many tools and frameworks are available that support Java.
  2. Most of the code written in Kotlin is easy to maintain. This makes productivity more efficient and minimizes the learning curve.
  • Cons

  1. Although Kotlin is relatively faster than other programming languages such as Java, Kotlin does not have the best way to create more clean builds of the Application.
  2. Many less talented developers are available in the market for custom Android Application Development Services.

8. Flutter

Flutter is another programming language developed by Google. It allows the developer to build high-performance file Applications for Android and iOS. The Futter offers a rich development experience with a large library, extensive widgets, and highly visually appealing tools. Some of the unique features of Flutter is the Hot Reload. With the help of Hot, Reload, developers can see the UI while making changes in the code.

  • Pros

  1. Flutter has a great feature called App builder. It is similar to a low code platform for building an application. It offers a variety of features to make an application MVP quickly.
  2. Allows the reusability of the code. For example, you can use your Swift or Kotlin Code.
  • Cons

  1. The Apps developed with Flutter are not light weighted.
  2. Flutter-based Applications cannot be loaded on a web Browser. Hence they do not support Web Application Development.

9. Symfony

Symfony is one of the best backend programming languages for distributed components. Symfony helps developers to use and integrate non-Symphony programs and vice versa. There are more than 10k applications that make use of the Symphony framework for building Android Applications.

  • Pros

  1. Symfony has got all the basic concepts that every PHP Framework has. You can use it as a one-stop solution for low modules you would like to integrate while building a PHP application.
  2. Also, Symfony is entirely a modular library that gives the developers flexibility to plug and play different modules into various Applications.
  • Cons

  1. There could be some security vulnerabilities that need to be addressed regularly and patched.


Many different programming languages can help developers to build applications. Choosing the right and best backend programming language for Android App Development can be challenging. Hence, we have compiled a complete list of widely used programming languages. Based on your business requirements, you can choose an Android Development Language. If you are unsure or do not clearly understand how to build a complete end-to-end Android Application, you can consult with the best Android App Development Company in the UK.

Related Blog:

    1. Exclusive Kotlin Features That Facilitate Android App Development
    2. Best Frameworks & Tools for Android App Development in 2022


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